Comprehensive Examinations

Examining Area: Community/Urban Sociology

Examination Committee Possibilities: Carpiano, Fu, Hanser, Lauer, Lauster, Mawani, Richardson, Tindall

Choose a balanced set of readings from each broad question below, for a total of approximately 30 selections.  Students should have approximately 10 books on their list, and approximately 10 “classics” pieces (books, articles, or chapters) written prior to 1970 (starred below).  Chapters from books below may be drawn upon to fill out lists.  Several authors also have alternatives that may be chosen, as noted by *OR* statements.

What’s a City?


  • Du Bois, W. E. B. 1899/1967. The Philadelphia Negro. New York: Schocken Books.
  • Harris, Chauncy and Edward L. Ullman.  1945. "The Nature of Cities." The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 242(1):7-17.
  • Jacobs, Jane.  1961.  The Death and Life of American Cities.  New York: Random House. 
  • Pahl, Raymond E. 1966." The Rural-Urban Continuum."  Sociologia Ruralis 6(3):299-329.
  • Park, Robert E. and Ernest W. Burgess. 1925. The City. University of Chicago Press. *OR* Burgess, Ernest W.  1925. "The Growth of the City: An Introduction to a Research Project." Pp. 85-97 in The Trend of Population. University of Chicago Press.


  • Dyson, Tim. 2011. "The Role of the Demographic Transition in the Process of Urbanization." Population and Development Review 37:34-54.
  • Florida, Richard. 2003. "Cities and the Creative Class." City & Community 2(1):3-19.
  • Hommels, Annika. 2005. "Studying Obduracy in the City: A Productive Fusion Between Technology Studies and Urban Studies." Science, Technology, and Human Values 30(3):323-351.
  • Klinenberg, Eric. 2001. “Dying Alone: The Social Production of Urban Isolation.” Ethnography 2(4):501-531.
  • Logan, John and Harvey Molotch. 2007. Urban Fortunes: The Political Economy of Place.  Berkeley: University of California Press. *OR* Molotch, Harvey.  1976. “The City as a Growth Machine: Toward a Political Economy of Place.” American Journal of Sociology 82(2):309-332.
  • Sassen, Saskia. 2001. The Global City. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • Valverde, Mariana. 2012. Everyday Law on the Street: City Governance in an Age of Diversity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. *OR*  Valerde, Mariana. 2011. “Seeing Like a City: The Dialectic of Modern and Premodern Ways of Seeing in Urban Governance.” Law & Society Review 45(2): 277-312.
  • Wacquant, Loic and William J. Wilson. 1989. “The Cost of Racial and Class Exclusion in the Inner City.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 501(1):8-25.
  • Zukin, Sharon. 2010. Naked City: The Death and Life of Authentic Urban Places. New York: Oxford University Press.

What’s a Community?


  • Breton, Raymond. 1964. "Institutional Completeness of Ethnic Communities and the Personal Relations of Immigrants." American Journal of Sociology 70(2):193-205.
  • Engels, Friedrich. 1892. The Condition of the Working Class in England in 1844, with a preface written in 1892.  London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd.
  • Gans, Herbert. 1967. The Levittowners: Ways of Life and Politics in a New Suburban Community. New York: Random House. *OR*  The Urban Villagers
  • Hughes, Everett. 1943. French Canada in Transition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Simmel, Georg. 1903. The Metropolis and Mental Life.
  • Wirth, Louis. 1938. "Urbanism as a Way of Life." American Journal of Sociology 44(1):1-24.


  • Briggs, Xavier de Souza. “Brown Kids in White Suburbs: Housing Mobility and the Many Faces of Social Capital.” Housing Policy Debate 9(1):177-221.
  • Etzioni, Amitai. 1993. The Spirit of Community. Cambridge, UK: Harvard University Press.
  • Fischer, Claude.  1975.  "Toward a Subcultural Theory of Urbanism.  American Journal of Sociology 80:319-41.
  • Granovetter, Mark. 1983. “The Strength of Weak Ties: A Network Theory Revisited.” Sociological Theory 1:201-233.
  • McPherson, Miller, Lynn Smith-Lovin, and James M. Cook. 2001. "Birds of a Feather: Homophily in Social Networks." Annual Review of Sociology 27:415-444.
  • Portes, Alejandro. 1998. “Social Capital: Its Origins and Applications in Modern Sociology.” Annual Review of Sociology, 24:1-24.
  • Putnam, Robert D. 2000. Bowling Alone. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Sampson, Robert K. 2002. "Assessing 'Neighborhood Effects': Social Processes and New Directions in Research."  Annual Review of Sociology 28:443-478. *OR* Sampson, Robert J. “Moving to Inequality: Neighborhood Effects and Experiments Meet Social Structure.” American Journal of Sociology 114(1):189-231.
  • Small, Mario. 2004. Villa Victoria: The Transformation of Social Capital in a Boston Barrio. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Wellman, Barry. 1979. "The Community Question: The Intimate Networks of East Yorkers." American Journal of Sociology 84:1201-32. *OR* Wellman, B. and Barry Leighton. 1979. "Networks, Neighborhoods, and Communities: Approaches to the Study of the Community Question." Urban Affairs Review 14(3):363-390.

The Making of Place


  • Addams, Jane. 1910. Twenty Years at Hull House.
  • Seeley, John, Alexander Sim, and Elizabeth Loosley. 1956. Crestwood HeightsA Study of the Culture of Suburban Life. New York: Basic Books.


  • Abbott, Andrew. 1997. “Of Time and Space: The Contemporary Relevance of the Chicago School.” Social Forces 75:1149-1182.
  • Davis, Mike. 1990. City of Quartz: Excavating the Future in Los Angeles. London: Verso.
  • de Certeau, Michel. 1984. The Practice of Everyday Life. Los Angeles: University of California Press.
  • Duneier, Mitchell. 1999. Sidewalk. Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
  • Erickson, Kai. 1976. Everything in its Path. New York: Simon & Schuster.
  • Gans, Herbert. 2002. “The Sociology of Space: A Use-Centered View.” City & Community 1(4):329-339.
  • Gieryn, Thomas. 2000. “A Space for Place in Sociology.” Annual Review of Sociology 26:463-96.
  • Harvey, David. 2012. Rebel Cities. London: Verso.
  • Lefebvre, Henri. 1996. Writings on Cities. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.
  • Mallett, Shelley. 2004. “Understanding Home: A Critical Review of the Literature.” The Sociological Review 52(1):62-89.
  • Sampson, Robert K. 1998. "Systematic Social Observation of Public Places: A New Look at Disorder in Urban Neighborhoods." American Journal of Sociology 105(3):603-651. *OR* Sampson, Robert J., Morenoff, Jeffrey D., and Earls, Felton. 1999. “Beyond Social Capital: Spatial Dynamics of Collective Efficacy for Children.” American Sociological Review 633-660.
  • Small, Mario. 2008. "Four Reasons to Abandon the Idea of 'the Ghetto.'" City & Community 7(4):389-398.

Reading List for the Sociology of Culture

Examination Committee Possibilities:  Abrutyn, Duina, Ghaziani, Hanser, Veenstra

Defining Culture

  • Williams, Raymond. 1976. Keywords: A Vocabulary of Culture and Society. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 87-93.
  • Sahlins, Marshall. 1976. Culture and Practical Reason. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Swidler, Ann. 1986. "Culture in Action: Symbols and Strategies." American Sociological Review 51:273-286.
  • Alexander, Jeffrey C. and Steven Seidman. 1990. Culture and Society: Contemporary Debates. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Sewell, William, Jr. 1992. "A Theory of Structure: Duality, Agency, and Transformation." American Journal of Sociology 98:1-29.
  • Griswold, Wendy. 1994. Cultures and Societies in a Changing World Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press.
  • Raymond, Williams. 1995. The Sociology of Culture. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
  • Gould, Roger. 1995. Insurgent Identities. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • DiMaggio, Paul. 1997. "Culture and Cognition." Annual Review of Sociology 23:263-287.
  • Zerubavel, Eviatar. 1997. Social Mindscapes: An Invitation to Cognitive Sociology. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Strauss, Claudia and Naomi Quinn. 1998. A Cognitive Theory of Cultural Meaning. Durham: Duke University Press.
  • Swell, William. 1999. “The Concept(s) of Culture.” Pp.35-61 in Beyond the Cultural Turn: New Directions in the Study of Society and Culture, eds. Victoria E. Bonnell and Lynn Hunt. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Swidler, Ann. 2001. Talk of Love: How Culture Matters. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Alexander, Jeffery C. 2005. The Meanings of Social Life: A Cultural Sociology. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Vaisey, Stephen. 2009. “Motivation and Justification: A Dual-Process Model of Culture in Action.” American Journal of Sociology 114(6):1675-1715.

 Measuring Culture

  • Denzin, Norma K. 1970. “Problems in Analyzing the Elements of Mass Culture.” American Journal of Sociology 75:1035-1038.
  • Geertz, Clifford. 1973. "Thick Description: Toward an Interpretive Theory of Culture." Pages 3-30 in The Interpretation of Culture: Selected Essays. New York: Basic Books.
  • Fine, Gary Alan. 1979. "Small Groups and Cultural Creation: The Idioculture of Little League Baseball Teams." American Sociological Review 44:733-745.
  • Griswold, Wendy. 1987. "A Methodological Framework for the Sociology of Culture.” Sociological Methodology 14:1-35.
  • Wuthnow, Robert. 1987. Meaning and Moral Order: Explorations in Cultural Analysis. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Schudson, Michael. 1989. "How Culture Works: Perspectives from Media Studies on the Efficacy of Symbols." Theory and Society 18: 153-180.
  • Jepperson, Ronald, and Swidler, Ann. 1994. “What Properties of Culture Should We Measure.” Poetics, 22(4), 359-371.
  • Marsden, Peter V., and Joseph F. Swingle. 1994. “Conceptualizing and Measuring Culture in Surveys: Values, Strategies, and Symbols.” Poetics 22: 269-289.
  • Mohr, John W. 1998. “Measuring Meaning Structures.” Annual Review of Sociology 24:345-370.
  • Fourcade, Marion. 2011. “Cents and Sensibility: Economic Valuation and the Nature of ‘Nature.’” American Journal of Sociology 116(6): 1721-77.

Topical Area 1: The Production and Reception of Culture

  • Peterson, Richard A. 1976. The Production of Culture. Beverly Hills: Sage.
  • Becker, Howard S. 1982. Art Worlds. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Griswold, Wendy. 1987. “The Fabrication of Meaning:  Literary Interpretation in the United States, Great Britain, and the West Indies,” American Journal of Sociology 92:1077‑1117.
  • Shively, J. 1992. “Cowboys and Indians: Perceptions of Western Films among American Indians and Anglos.” American Sociological Review 57:725-734.
  • Dowd, Timothy J. 2004. “Production Perspectives in the Sociology of Music.”  Poetics 32(3-4): 235-246.
  • Patterson Orlando and Jason Kaufman. 2005. “Cross-National Cultural Diffusion: The Global Spread of Cricket.” American Sociological Review 70(1):82-110.

 Topical Area 2: Art, Status, Taste

  • DiMaggio, Paul and Michael Useem. 1978. “Social Class and Arts Consumption.” Theory and Society 5(2): 141-161.
  • Bourdieu, Pierre. 1984. Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • DiMaggio, Paul. 1987. “Classification in Art.” American Sociological Review 52:440-455.
  • Peterson, Richard A. and Roger M. Kern. 1996. “Changing Highbrow Taste: From Snob to Omnivore.” American Sociological Review 61:900-907.
  • Lieberson, Stanley. 2000. A Matter of Taste: How Names, Fashion, and Culture Change. New Haven: Yale University Press.

 Topical Area 3: Student Interests

Reading List for the Sociology of Family

Examination Committee Possibilities:  Elliott, Johnson, Lauster, Martin-Matthews, Qian, Stecklov, Yodanis

Theory and Methods and “The Family”

  • Engels, Friedrich. 1946. The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State. New York: International Publishers. (Original work published 1884)
  • White, James M. and David M. Klein. 2008. Family Theories (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. *OR* White, James M. 2004. Advancing Family Theories. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Bengtson, Vern L., Alan  C. Acock, Katherine R. Allen, Peggye Dilworth-Anderson, and David M. Klein. 2004. Sourcebook of Family Theory and Research.  New York, NY: Sage. (Select chapters based on area of research)
  • Daly, Kerry. 2003. "Family Theory Versus the Theories Families Live By." Journal of Marriage and Family 65:771-784.
  • Lesthaeghe, Ron. 2010. The Unfolding Story of the Second Demographic Transition. Population and Development Review 36:211-251.
  • Pyke, Karen. 2000. "'The Normal American Family' as an Interpretive Structure of Family Life Among Grown Children of Korean and Vietnamese Immigrants." Journal of Marriage and Family 62:240-255.
  • Thornton, Arland. 2005. Reading History Sideways: The Fallacy and Enduring Impact of the Developmental Paradigm on Family Life. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.


  • Bernard, Jessie. 1972. The Future of Marriage. New York, NY: Bantam Books. *OR* Scanzoni, John H. 1972. Sexual Bargaining: Power Politics in the American Marriage. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Berger, Peter L. and Hansfried Kellner. 1964. "Marriage and the Construction of Reality: An Exercise in the Microsociology of Knowledge." Diogenes 12:1-24.
  • Giddens, Anthony. 1992. The Transformation of Intimacy. Stanford: Stanford University Press. *OR* Cherlin, Andrew J. 2010. The Marriage-Go-Round: The State of Marriage and the Family in America Today. New York, NY: Vintage.
  • Green, Al. 2010. Queer Unions: Same-Sex Spouses Marry Tradition and Innovation. Canadian Journal of Sociology 35:399-436.

Resources, Management, and Work

  • Tufano, Peter and Daniel Schneider. 2009. "Using Financial Innovation to Support Savers: From Coercion to Excitement." Pp. 149-190 in Insufficient Funds: Savings, Assets, Credit, and Banking Among Low-Income Households, edited by R. M. Blank and M. S. Barr. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.
  • Cooney, Kate and Trina R. Williams Shanks. 2010. "New Approaches to Old Problems: Market-Based Strategies for Poverty Alleviation." Social Service Review 85:29-55.
  • Ranson, Gillian. 2010. Against the Grain: Couples, Gender, and the Reframing of Parenting. Toronto: University of Toronto Press *OR* Gerson, Kathleen. 2010. The Unfinished Revolution: How a Generation is Reshaping Family, Work and Gender in America. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Treas, Judith and Sonja Drobnic. 2010. Dividing the Domestic: Men, Women, and Household Work in Cross-National Perspective. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. (Select Ch. 11: Men's and Women's Reports about Housework, Ch. 7: Cultural and Institutional Contexts, and Ch. 3: Women's Employment and Housework).

Children and Childhood

  • Elder, Glen H. Jr. 1974. Children of the Great Depression: Social Change in Life Experience. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.  *OR* Pugh, Allison J. 2009. Longing and Belonging: Parents, Children, and Consumer Culture. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Garbarino, James and Deborah Sherman. 1980. "High-Risk Neighborhoods and High-Risk Families: The Human Ecology of Child Maltreatment." Child Development 51:188-198.
  • Mulder, Clara H. and Francesco C. Billari. 2010. "Home Ownership Regimes and Low Fertility." Housing Studies 25:527-541.
  • Lareau, Annette. 2002. "Invisible Inequality: Social Class and Childrearing in Black Families and White Families." American Sociological Review 67:747-776.


  • Connidis, Ingrid. A. 2010. Family Ties and Aging 2nd ed. Pine Forge Press.  (Select chapters: Ch 1. Older Persons in a Family Context, Ch 2. The Availability of Family Ties in Later Life, Ch 5. Being Single in Later Life, Ch 7. Exploring Intergenerational Relations, Ch 9. Childless Older Persons, Ch 12. Siblings Ties in Middle and Later Life. Pp. 207-241.)
  • Hagestad, Gunbild O. 2009. "Interdependent Lives and Relationships in Changing Times: A Life-Course View of Families and Aging." Pp. 397-417 in The Life Course Reader: Individuals and Societies Across Time, edited by Walter R. Heinz. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
  • Silverstein, Merril and Roseann Giarrusso. 2011. "Aging Individuals, Families, and Societies: Micro–Meso–Macro Linkages in the Life Course." Pp. 35-49 in Handbook of Sociology of Aging, edited by R. A. Settersten and J. L. Angel. New York, NY: Springer.
  • Connidis, Ingrid A. and Julie A. McMullin. 2002. "Sociological Ambivalence and Family Ties: A Critical Perspective." Journal of Marriage and Family 64:558–567.
  • Chappell, Neena L. and Margaret J. Penning. 2005. Family Caregivers: Increasing Demands in the Context of 21st-Century Globalization?” Pp. 455-461 in The Cambridge Handbook of Age and Ageing, edited by M. L. Johnson, V. L. Bengtson, P. G. Coleman and T. B. L. Kirkwood. Cambridge University Press.

Reading List for the Sociology of Gender 

Examination Committee Possibilities:  Creese, Currie, Elliott, Fuller, Ross, Qian


1) To prepare candidates to teach in the area of ‘Sociologies of Gender'

2) To prepare the candidate for a research program in which ‘gender/sexuality’ is a prominent analytical element.

Six sections trace developments historically:

1) Interrogations of how conventional sociology (pre and post feminism) renders ‘gender/sexuality’ unthinkable, hence unknowable;

2) Debates outlining how ‘gender’ offers a new beginning point for inquiry about the social world;

3) Scholarship advancing gender as socially constructed;

4) Intersectionality as an attempt to address reductionism of ‘gender’ as a distinct, discrete category of analysis;

5) Postmodern encounters which challenge the heteronormativity of ‘gender studies’ and introduce ‘sexuality studies’ and ‘queer theorizing’;

6) The international / postcolonial context of gender studies. Together, readings from these sections trace the emergence of gender studies within sociology and outline its elaboration as a distinct field of sociological inquiry. This reading list is designed to give the candidate a comprehensive selection of key works, with an opportunity to develop their specific research interest. Given the scope and complexity of the field of inquiry, the structure of this list affords a degree of choice for the student.

Instructions to the Student: Your bibliography will consist of three types of readings:

1) Readings that are required – these appear in bold

2) Readings that you select from each section

3) 10 readings chosen by you – these may or may not appear on the list below – see Section 7. Readings for Section 7 are subject to approval by the Examining Committee. The result should be a final Reading List of 30 to 35 entries with at least 5 complete books.

 Gender Invisibility: Debates/Critiques of Conventional Epistemology in Sociology

  • Engels, Friedrich. [1884] 1972. The Origins of the Family, Private Property, and the State. New York: International. -- Selections
  • Gilman, Charlotte P. 1911. The Man-Made World: Or, Our Androcentric Culture. New York: Charltan. -- Selections
  • Harding, Sandra G. 1991. Whose Science? Whose Knowledge? Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
  • Longino, Helen E. 1999. "Feminist Epistemology." Pp. 327-53 in The Blackwell Guide to Epistemology, edited by J. Grecco and E. Sosa. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
  • Simmel, Georg. [1912] 1984. "Female Culture" in Pp. 65-101 in On Women, Sexuality, and Love, edited by G. Oakes. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  • Smith, Dorothy. 1974. "Women’s Perspective as a Radical Critique of Sociology." Sociological Inquiry 44:7-13.
  • Sydie, R. A. 2004. "Sex and the Sociological Fathers." Pp. 36-53 in Endearing the Social: Feminist Encounters with Sociological Theory, edited by B. L. Marshall and A. Witz. Maidenhead, Berkshire: Open University Press.
  • Tlostanova, M. V. 2010. Gender Epistemologies and Eurasian Borderlands. New York: Palgrave and Macmillan.

New Beginnings: Gender as an Entry Point for Sociological Investigation

  • Devault, Marjorie L. 1990. "Talking and Listening from Women’s Standpoint: Feminist Strategies for Interviewing and Analysis." Social Problems 37:96-116.
  • Harding, Sandra. 2009. "Standpoint Theories: Productively Controversial" Hypatia 24(4):192-200
  • Harding, Sandra. 2004. The Feminist Standpoint Theory Reader: Intellectual and Political Controversies. New York: Routledge.  -- Selections
  • Hartsock, Nancy C. M. 1983. ‘The Feminist Standpoint: Toward a Specifically Feminist Historical Materialism." Pp. 231-51 in Money, Sex and Power: Toward a Feminist Historical Materialism, edited by N. C. M. Hartsock. New York: Routledge.
  • Kristeva, Julia. [1979] 1986. "Women’s Time." Pp. 187-213 in The Kristeva Reader, edited by T. Moi. New York: Columbia University Press.
  • Smith, Dorothy E. 1987. The Everyday World as Problematic. Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press.

Gender as Socially Constructed

  • Acker, Joan. 1990. "Hierarchies, Jobs, Bodies: A Theory of Gendered Organizations." Gender & Society 4:139-58.
  • de Beauvoir, Simone. [1952] 1970. The Second Sex. New York: Knopf. – Selections
  • Connell, R. W. 1987. Gender and Power: Society, the Person, and Sexual Politics. Stanford, CA.: Stanford University Press.
  • Connell, R. W. 1995. Masculinities. Sydney: Allen & Unwin.
  • Messner, Michael A. 2000. "Barbie Girls vs. Sea Monsters: Children Constructing Gender." Gender & Society 14:765-84.
  • Ridgeway, Cecilia L. 2011. Framed by Gender: How Gender Inequality Persists in the Modern World. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Rubin, Gayle. [1975] 2005. "The Traffic in Women: Notes on the 'Political Economy' of sex." Pp. 273-88 in Feminist Theory: A Reader, edited by W. Kolmar and F. Bartkowski. Boston: McGraw-Hill.
  • West, Candace and Don H. Zimmerman. 1987. "Doing Gender." Gender & Society 1:125-51.
  • Willis, Evan, Rosemary Miller, and Johanna Wyn. 2001. "Gendered Embodiment and Survival for Young People with Cystic Fibrosis." Social Science & Medicine 53:1163-74.

Adding Complexity: Intersectionality as a Way to Theorize Gender 

  • Calasanti, Toni M. and Kathleen F. Slevin. 2001. "A Gender Lens on Aging and Aging Lens on Gender." Chapter 8 in Gender, Social Inequalities, and Aging, edited by T. M. Calasanti and K. F. Selvin. Alta Mira Press.
  • Collins, Patricia H. 1990. "Defining Black Feminist Thought." Pp. 19-40 in Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment, edited by P. H. Collins. Boston: Unwin Hyman.
  • Crenshaw, Kimberle. 1991. "Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Color." Stanford Law Review 43(6):1241-99.
  • Denis, Ann. 2008. "Review Essay: Intersectional Analysis: A Contribution of Feminism to Sociology." International Sociology 23:677-94.
  • Hindman, Matthew D. 2011. "Rethinking Intersectionality: Towards and Understanding of Discursive Marginalization." New Political Science 33:189-21.
  • Lawrence, Bonita. 2003. "Gender, Race, and the Regulation of Native Identity in Canada and the United States: An Overview." Hypatia 18(2):3-31.
  • McCall, Leslie. 2001. Complex Inequality: Gender, Class and Race in the New Economy. New York: Routledge.
  • Mitchell, Juliet. [1966] 1984. "Women: The Longest Revolution." Pp. 17-54 in Women: The Longest Revolution, edited by J. Mitchell. New York: Pantheon Books.
  • Taylor, Yvette, Sally Hines, and Mark E. Casey. 2010. Theorizing Intersectionality and Sexuality: Genders and Sexualities in the Social Sciences. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Yuval-Davis, Nira. 2011. The Politics of Belonging: Intersectional Contestations. Los Angeles: Sage.

Challenge Heteronormativity: Engagements with Postmodernism 

  • Ahmed, Sara. 2006. Queer Phenomenology: Orientations, Objects, Others. Durham: Duke University Press.
  • Butler, Judith. 1990/1999. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge.
  • Butler, Judith. 1992. "Contingent Foundations: Feminism and the Question of ‘Postmodernism.'" Pp. 35-57 in Feminists Theorize the Political, edited by J. Butler and J. W. Scott. New York: Routledge.
  • Collins, Patricia H., 2005. Black Sexual Politics. New York: Routledge.
  • Connell, Raewyn. 2009. "Accountable Conduct: 'Doing Gender' in Transsexual and Political Retrospect." Gender & Society 23:104-11.
  • Elliott, Patricia. 2010. Debates in Transgender, Queer, and Feminist Theory. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.
  • Foucault, Michel. [1976] 1998. The History of Sexuality Vol. 1: The Will to Knowledge. London: Penguin.
  • Halberstam, Judith. 1998. Female Masculinity. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
  • Halley, Janet E. and Andrew Parker. 2011. After Sex? On Writing Since Queer Theory. NC: Duke University Press. – Selections
  • Hines, Sally and Tam Sanger. 2010. Transgender Identities: Towards a Social Analysis of Gender Diversity. New York: Routledge. - Selections
  • Puar, Jasbir K. 2007. Terrorist Assemblages: Homonationalism in Queer Times. Durham: Duke University Press.
  • Rich, Adrienne. [1980] 2005. "Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Experience." Pp. 320-25 in Feminisms, edited by S. Kemp and J. SquiresOxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Schilt, Kristen, and Laurel Westbrook. 2009. "Doing Gender, Doing Heteronormativity." Gender & Society 23(4):440-64.
  • Sedgwick, Eve K. 2008. The Epistemology of the Closet. Berkeley, CA.: University of California Press.
  • Richardson, Diane. 1996. Theorizing Heterosexuality: Telling It Straight. Buckingham, UK: Open University Press. - Selections
  • Seidman, Steven. 1996. Queer Theory/Sociology. Oxford: Blackwell. – Selections

Gender in International, Postcolonial Contexts

  • Bulbeck, Chilla. 1998. Re-Orienting Western Feminisms: Women’s Diversity in a Postcolonial World. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Chow, Esther N. 2003. "Gender Matters: Studying Globalization and Social Change in the 21st Century." International Sociology 18(3):443-60.
  • Fraser, Nancy. 2009. Scales of Justice: Reimagining Political Space in a Globalizing World. New York: Columbia University Press. - Selections
  • Kabeer, Naila, Agneta Stark, and Edda Magnus. 2007. Global Perspectives on Gender Equality: Reversing the Gaze. New York: Routledge. - Selections
  • Marchand, Marianna H. and Anne S. Runyan. 2000. Gender and Global Restructuring: Sightings, Sites, and Resistances. New York: Routledge. - Selections
  • Mies, Maria. 1986. Patriarchy and Accumulation on a World Scale: Women in the International Division of Labour. London: Zed.
  • Moghadam, Valentine M. 1994. Identity Politics and Women: Reassertions and Feminisms in International Perspective. Boulder CO: Westview Press.
  • Patil, Vrushali. 2011. "Transnational Feminism in Sociology: Articulations, Agendas, Debates." Sociology Compass 5:540-50.

Student Selections: Add 10 Readings 

Reading List for Health Sociology

Examination Committee Possibilities: Abrutyn, Carpiano, Fu, Martin-Matthews, Richardson, Veenstra

Pedagogical Approach: This reading list of 30 selections (articles and book chapters) has been designed to reflect the diverse range of established or “core” foci within the Sociology of Health—which is a rather diverse sociological subarea. The organization and diversity of these readings will facilitate students’ efforts to integrate their own additional readings on a focal area of personal interest.

Note to students regarding supplementary readings: In selecting 10 or more readings related to their general intellectual and/or dissertation-related interests, students are encouraged to choose scholarship that either (a) delves into greater depth for one of the subareas listed below or (b) focuses on a subarea not included here. For the latter, some examples (from recent exams and thesis foci) may be, but are not limited to, the following subareas:

  • Intersectionality theory and health
  • Social construction of risk
  • Health in the early lifecourse
  • Health and aging

The focus and final list of supplementary readings must be approved by the student’s examination committee.

Social Construction of Health and Illness

  • Brown, Phil. 1995. "Naming and Framing: The Social Construction of Diagnosis and Illness." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 33:267-281.
  • Conrad, Peter and Barker, Kristin K. 2010. "The Social Construction of Illness: Key Insights and Policy Implications." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 57:S67-S79.

Illness Experience

  • Charmaz, Kathy and Belgrave, Linda L. 2013. "Modern Symbolic Interaction Theory and Health." Pp. 11-37 in Medical Sociology on the Move: New Directions in Theory, edited by W. C. Cockerham. Dordrecht: Springer Press.
  • Rier, David A. 2012. "The Patient’s Experience of Illness." Pp. 163-178 in Handbook of Medical Sociology, 6th Edition, edited by C. E. Bird, P. Conrad, A. M. Fremont, and S. Timmermans. Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press.
  • Link, Bruce G. and Jo C. Phelan. 2012. "Labeling and Stigma." Pp. 481-494 in Handbook of the Sociology of Mental Health, 2nd Edition, edited by C. Aneshensel, J.C. Phelan, and A. Bierman. New York: Springer.

Medicalization and Social Movements

  • Conrad, Peter. 2005. "The Shifting Engines of Medicalization." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 46:3-14.
  • Clarke, Adele E., Janet K. Shim, Laura Mamo, Jennifer R. Fosket, and Jennifer R. Fishman. 2003. "Biomedicalization: Technoscientific Transformations of Health, Illness, and U.S. Biomedicine. American Sociological Review 68(2):161-185.
  • Shostak, Sara and Jeremy Freese. 2010. "Gene-Environment Interaction and Medical Sociology." Pp. 418-434 in Handbook of Medical Sociology, 6th Edition, edited by C. E. Bird, P. Conrad, A. M. Fremont, and S. Timmermans. Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press.
  • Brown, Phil, Stephen Zavestoski, Sabrina McCormick, Brian Mayer, Rachel Morello-Frosch, and Rebecca Gasior-Altman. 2004. "Embodied Health Movements: New Approaches to Social Movements in Health." Sociology of Health & Illness 26(1):50-80.

Health Care Institutions and Policy

  • Flood, Ann B. and Mary L. Fennell. 1995. "Through the Lenses of Organizational Sociology: The Role of Organizational Theory and Research in Conceptualizing and Examining Our Health Care System." Journal of Health and Social Behavior, Special Issue 154-169.
  • Timmermans, Stefan and Hyeyoung Oh. 2010. "The Continued Social Transformation of the Medical Profession." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 51:S94-S106.

 Patient–Provider Encounters and Medical Practice

  • Heritage, John and Douglas W. Maynard. 2006. "Problems and Prospects in the Study of Physician-Patient Interaction: 30 Years of Research." Annual Review of Sociology 32(15):1-24.
  • Shim, Janet K. 2010. "Cultural Health Capital: A Theoretical Approach to Understanding Health Care Interactions and the Dynamics of Unequal Treatment." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 51:1-15.
  • Waitzkin, Howard. 1989. "A Critical Theory of Medical Discourse: Ideology, Social Control, and the Processing of Social Context in Medical Encounters." Journal of Health & Social  Behavior 30(2):220-239.

 Health Inequalities

  • Link, Bruce G. 2008. "Epidemiological Sociology and the Social Shaping of Population Health." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 49(4):367-384.

Socioeconomic Status/Social Class:

  • Mirowsky, John and Catherine E. Ross. 2003. Education, Social Status, and Health. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
  • Carpiano, Richard M., Bruce G. Link, and Jo C. Phelan. 2008. "Social Inequality and Health: Future Directions for the Fundamental Cause Explanation for Class Differences in Health." Pp. 232-263 in Social Class: How Does it Work?, edited by A. Lareau and D. Conley. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
  • Phelan, Jo C. and Bruce G. Link. 2013. "Fundamental Cause Theory." Pp. 105-125 in Medical Sociology on the Move, edited by W.C. Cockerham. Dordrecht: Springer Press.


  • Williams, David R. and Michelle Sternthal. 2010. "Understanding Racial-Ethnic Disparities in Health: Sociological Contributions." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 51:S15–S27.
  • Ahmad, Wagar I. U. and  Hannah Bradby. 2007." Locating Ethnicity and Health: Exploring Concepts and Contexts." Sociology of Health & Illness 29(6):795-810.
  • Frank, Reanne. 2007. "What to Make of it? The (Re)Emergence of a Biological Conceptualization of Race in Health Disparities Research." Social Science & Medicine 64:1977-1983.


  • Annandale, E. (2013). Gender theory and health. In W.C. Cockerham (Ed.), Medical sociology on the move (pp. 155-171). Dordrecht: Springer Press.
  • Rieker, P., Bird, C., & Lang, M. E. (2010). Understanding gender and health: Old patterns, newtrends, and future directions. In C. E. Bird, P. Conrad, A. M. Fremont, & S. Timmermans (Eds.), Handbook of medical  sociology (6th edition) (pp. 52-74). Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press.


  • Willson, Andrea E, Kim M. Shuey and Glen H. Elder. 2007. "Cumulative Advantage Processes as Mechanisms of Inequality in Life Course Health." American Journal of Sociology 112:1886-1924.

Placed-based Communities:

  • Robert, Stephanie A., Kathleen A. Cagney, and Margaret M. Weden. 2010. "A Life-Course Approach to the Study of Neighborhoods and Health." Pp. 124-143 in Handbook of Medical Sociology, 6th Edition, edited by C. E. Bird, P. Conrad, A. M. Fremont, and S. Timmermans. Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press.

Health Behaviours and Lifestyles

  • Cockerham, W. C. 2013. "Bourdieu and an Update of Health Lifestyle Theory." Pp. 127-154 in Medical Sociology on the Move, edited by W.C. Cockerham. Dordrecht: Springer Press.

The Stress Paradigm

  • Pearlin, Leonard I. and Alex Bierman. 2012. "Current Issues and Future Directions in Research into the Stress Process." Pp. 325-340 in Handbook of the Sociology of Mental Health, edited by C. Aneshensel, J.C. Phelan, and A. Bierman. New York: Springer.
  • Avison, William R. 2010. "Incorporating Children’s Lives into a Life Course Perspective on Stress and Mental Health." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 51(4):361-375.

 Social Relationships and Health

  • Thoits, Peggy A. 2011. "Mechanisms Linking Social Ties and Support to Physical and Mental Health." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 52:145-161.
  • Umberson, Debra, Robert Crosnoe and Corinne Reczek. 2000. "Social Relationships and Health Behavior Across the Life Course." Annual Review of Sociology 36:139-157.

Reading List for Sociology of Race and Ethnicity 

Examination Committee Possibilities: Creese, Elliott, Mawani, Roth, Stecklov, Wilkes 

Classics and Discipline Shapers

  • Anderson, Benedict. 2006. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. New York: Verso Books.
  • Blumer, Herbert. 1958. "Race Prejudice as a Sense of Group Position." The Pacific Sociological Review 1: 3-7.
  • Breton, Raymond. 1988. “From Ethnic to Civic Nationalism: English Canada and Quebec.” Ethnic and Racial Studies11(1):85-102.
  • Bonacich, Edna. 1972. "A Theory of Ethnic Antagonism: The Split Labor Market." American Review of Sociology 37: 547-559.
  • Hall, Stuart. 2000. "Old and New Identities, Old and New Ethnicities." Pp. 144-153 in Theories of Race and Racism: A Reader, edited by L. Back and J. Solomos. New York: Routledge.
  • Fanon, Frantz. 2004. The Wretched of the Earth. New York: Grove Press.
  • Foucault, Michel. 2003. “Society Must be Defended.” Lecture 11 in Lectures at the College de France 1975-1976. Picador.
  • Frankenberg, Ruth. 1993. White Women, Race Matters: The Social Construction of Whiteness. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
  • Gilroy, Paul. 2005. Postcolonial Melancholia. New York: Columbia University Press.
  • Goldberg, David Theo. 1993. Racist Culture: Philosophy and the Politics of Meaning. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.
  • Goldberg, David Theo. 2009. The Threat of Race. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Omi, Michael & Howard Winant. 1994. Racial Formation in the United States. 2nd edition. New York: Routledge.
  • Said, Edward W. 1985. “Orientalism Reconsidered.” Cultural Critique (1):89-107.
  • Stoler, Ann L. 1995. Race and the Education of Desire: Foucault's "History of Sexuality" and the Colonial Order of Things. Chapel Hill, NC: Duke.
  • Waters, Mary C. 1990. Ethnic Options: Choosing Identities in America. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Wilson, William J. 1987. The Truly Disadvantaged: The Inner City, the Underclass, and Public Policy. University of Chicago Press.

Major Recent Contributions

  •  Alfred, Gerald R. 1999. Peace, Power, Righteousness: An Indigenous Manifesto (Vol. 171). Don Mills, ON: Oxford University Press.
  • Bonilla-Silva, Eduardo. 1997. “Rethinking Racism: Toward a Structural Interpretation.” American Sociological Review 62:465-80.
  • Bonilla-Silva, Eduardo. 2006. Racism without Racists: Color-blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in the United States. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • Cornell, Stephen and Douglas Hartmann. 1998. Ethnicity and Race: Making Identities in a Changing World. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press
  • Coulthard, Glen S. 2007. “Subjects of Empire: Indigenous Peoples and the ‘Politics of Recognition’ in Canada.” Contemporary Political Theory 6(4):437-460.
  • Haney López, Ian. 1996. White by Law: The Legal Construction of Race. New York: NYU Press.
  • Loveman, Mara. 1999. "Is Race Essential?" American Sociological Review 64(6):891-898
  • Olzak, Susan. 2004. “Ethnic and Nationalist Social Movements.” Pp. 666-693 in The Blackwell Companion to Social Movements, edited by D. A. Snow, S. A. Soule, and H. Kriesi. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
  • Razack, Sherene. 2008. Casting Out: The Eviction of Muslims From Western Law and Politics. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
  • Smith, Linda T. 1999. Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples. New York: Zed Books.
  • Wacquant, Loïc. 1997. “Towards an Analytic of Racial Domination.” Political Power and Social Theory 11:221-234.
  • Wimmer, Andreas. 2008. “The Making and Unmaking of Ethnic Boundaries: A Multilevel Process Theory.” American Journal of Sociology 113: 970-1022.

Social Inequality Comprehensive Reading List 

Examination Committee Possibilities: Corrigall-Brown, Creese, Fu, Fuller, Guppy, Hirsh, Lauer, Roth, Veenstra, Wilkes, Yodanis

Theoretical Perspectives on Inequality: Classic and Contemporary

  • Durkheim, Emile. 1953. The Division of Labor In Society. New York: Free Press. (Part I, chapters 2, 3 and Part III chapters 1 – end)
  • Marx, Karl and Friedrich Engels. 1977 [1848]. Manifesto of the Communist Party. Pp. 221-247 in Karl Marx: Selected Writings, edited by D. McLellan. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Weber, Max. 1968. “The Distribution of Power Within the Political Community: Class, Status, Party.” Pp. 926-40 and “Status Groups and Classes.” Pp.302-307 in Economy and Society, translated by G. Roth and C. Wittich. New York: Bedminster Press.
  • Bourdieu, P. and J.C. Passeron. 1977. Reproduction in Education, Society and Culture. London: Sage Publications.
  • Reskin, Barbara F. 2003. “Including Mechanisms in Our Models of Ascriptive Inequality.” American Sociological Review 68:1-21.
  • Smith, D. 1999. Writing the Social: Critique, Theory and Investigations. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
  • Tilly, Charles. 1997. Durable Inequality. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Class Analysis and Structure

  • Coleman, J.S. 1988. “Social Capital in the Creation of Human Capital.” American Journal of Sociology 94:95-120. (Supplement: Organizations and Institutions: Sociological and Economic Approaches to the Analysis of Social Structure)
  • Erickson, Bonnie. 1996. “Culture, Class and Connections.” American Journal of Sociology 102(1):217-251.
  • Fortin, Nicole, David A. Green, Thomas Lemieux, Kevin Milligan, and W. Craig Riddell. 2012. "Canadian Inequality: Recent Developments and Policy Options." Canadian Public Policy 38:121-145.
  • Giddens, Anthony. 1981. The Class Structure of Advanced Societies. London: Unwin Hynman.
  • Goldthorpe, John H. 1996. “Class Analysis and the Reorientation of Class Theory: The Case of Persisting Differentials in Educational Attainment.” British Journal of Sociology 47:481-505.
  • Lamont, Michele and Annette Lareau. 1998. "Cultural Capital." Sociological Theory 6:153-168.
  • Skeggs, Beverley. 1997. Formations of Class and Gender. Sage Publications.
  • Weeden, Kim A. and David Grusky. 2005. "The Case for a New Class Map." American Journal of Sociology 111:141-212.
  • Wright, Erik O. 2005. “Introduction” and “Foundations of a Neo-Marxist Class Analysis.” Approaches to Class Analysis. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Gender, Race, Ethnicity and Class

  • Bonacich, Edna. 1972. "A Theory of Ethnic Antagonism: The Split Labor Market." American Sociological Review 37:547-559.
  • Clement, Wallace and John Myles. 1994. Relations of Ruling: Class and Gender in Postindustrial Societies. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queens University Press.
  • Hill Collins, Patricia. 2005. Black Sexual Politics: African Americans, Gender, and the New Racism. New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Grabb, Edward and Neil Guppy. 2009. Social Inequality in Canada: Patterns, Problems, and Policies. 5th Edition. Pearson. (selections as determined by student/committee)
  • Grusky, David, B. 2008. Social Stratification: Class, Race, and Gender in Sociological Perspective. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. (selections as determined by student/committee)
  • Lorber, Judith. 1994. Paradoxes of Gender. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  • Markus, Hazel R. and Paula Moya. 2010. Doing Race: 21 Essays for the 21st Century. W.W. Norton & Co. (selections as determined by student/committee)
  • Pendakur, Krishna and Ravi Pendakur. 2011. "Aboriginal Income Disparity in Canada." Canadian Public Policy 37:61-83.
  • Templeton, Laura and Sylvia Fuller. 2013. “Immigration and Inequality: Why Do High-Skilled Immigrants Fare Poorly in Canada?” in The Economics of Inequality, Poverty and Discrimination in the 21st Century, edited by R. Rycroft. ABC-CLIO.
  • West, Candace and Sarah Fenstermaker. 1995. “Doing Difference.” Gender & Society 9(1): 8-37.
  • Winant, Howard. 2000. “Race and Race Theory.” Annual Review of Sociology 26:169-185.

Cross National/Comparative Perspectives

  • Alderson, Arthur S. and François Nielsen. 2002. "Globalization and the Great U-Turn: Income Inequality Trends in 16 OECD Countries." American Journal of Sociology 107:1244-1299.
  • Esping-Andersen, Gøsta. 2009.  The Incomplete Revolution: Adapting to Women’s New Roles. Polity Press.
  • Gilroy, Paul. 2006. Postcolonial Melancholia. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
  • Kristal, Tali. 2010. “Good Times, Bad Times: Postwar Labor’s Share of National Income in Capitalist Democracies.” American Sociological Review 75(5):729-763.
  • Mamdani, Mahmood. 2001. “Beyond Settler and Native as Political Identities: Overcoming the Political Legacy of Colonialism.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 43(4):651-664.
  • Myles, John and Adnan Turegun. 1994. "Comparative Studies in Class Structure." Annual Review of Sociology 20:103-24.
  • Pridemore, William. 2011. “Poverty Matters: A Reassessment of the Inequality–Homicide Relationship in Cross-National Studies.” British Journal of Criminology 51(5):739-772.
  • Sassen, Sasia. 2007. A Sociology of Globalization. New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Co.
  • Western, Mark and Erik Olin Wright. 1994. “The Permeability of Class Boundaries to Intergenerational Mobility Among Men in the United States, Canada, Norway and Sweden.” American Sociological Review 59:606-29.

Reading List for Social Movements/Collective Action

Examination Committee Possibilities: Corrigall-Brown, Ghaziani, Tindall, Wilkes

This exam is organized by major theoretical traditions in the study of social movements.

Classical Approaches

Collective Behavior

  • Smelser, Neil J. 1963. Theory of Collective Behavior. New York: Free Press.

Relative Deprivation

  • Gurr, Ted. 1970. Why Men Rebel. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Rational Theory

  • Olson Jr., Mancur. 1965. The Logic of Collective Action. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Resource Mobilization

  • McCarthy, John D. and Mayer N. Zald. 1977. "Resource Mobilization and Social Movements: A Partial Theory." American Journal of Sociology 82:1212-1241.
  • Morris, Aldon. 1984. The Origins of the Civil Rights Movement: Black Communities Organizing for Change. New York: Free Press.
  • Jenkins, Craig J. 1983. "Resource Mobilization Theory and the Study of Social Movements." Annual Review of Sociology 9:527-553.

Political Process

  • McAdam, Doug. 1982. Political Process and the Development of Black Insurgency, 1930-1970. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
  • Tarrow, Sidney. 1998. Power in Movement. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Meyer, David and Debra C. Minkoff. 2004. "Conceptualizing Political Opportunity." Social Forces 82:1457-1492.
  • Jasper, James M. and Jeff Goodwin. 1999. "Trouble in Paradigms." Sociological Forum 14:107-136.
  • Goodwin, Jeff and James M. Jasper. 1999. "Caught In A Winding, Snarling Vine: The Structural Bias of Political Process Theory." Sociological Forum 14:27-54.

New Social Movement Theory

  • Melucci, Alberto. 1980. "The New Social Movements: A Theoretical Approach." Social Science Information 19:199-226.
  • Melucci, Alberto. 1994. "A Strange Kind of Newness: What's 'New' in New Social Movements?" Pp. 101-130 in New Social Movements: From Ideology to Identity, edited by E. Larana, H. Johnston, and J. R. Gusfield. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
  • Cohen, Jean L. 1985. "Strategy or Identity: New Theoretical Paradigms and Contemporary Social Movements." Social Research 52:663-716.
  • Larana, Enrique, Hank Johnston, and Joseph R. Gusfield. 1994. "New Social Movements: From Ideology to Identity." Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
  • Pichardo, Nelson A. 1997. "New Social Movements: A Critical Review." Annual Review of Sociology 23:411-430.

The Cultural Turn in Social Movements

An Overview:

  • Johnston, Hank and Bert Klandermans. 1995. Social Movements and Culture. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
  • Jasper, James M. 1997. The Art of Moral Protest: Culture, Biography, and Creativity in Social Movements. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Collective Identity:

  • Polletta, Francesca and James M. Jasper. 2001. "Collective Identity and Social Movements." Annual Review of Sociology 27:283-305.
  • Taylor, Verta and Nancy E. Whittier. 1992. "Collective Identity in Social Movement Communities." Pp. 104-129 in Frontiers in Social Movement Theory, edited by A. D. Morris and C. McClurg. New Haven: Yale University Press.


  • Snow, David A., E. Burke Rochford Jr., Steven K. Worden, and Robert D. Benford. 1986. "Frame Alignment Processes, Micromobilization, and Movement Participation." American Sociological Review 51:464-481.
  • Benford, Robert D. and David A. Snow. 2000. "Framing Processes and Social Movements: An Overview and Assessment" Annual Review of Sociology 26:611-639.


  • Gitlin, Todd. 1980. The Whole World is Watching: Mass Media in the Making & Unmaking of the New Left. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.


  • Gould, Deborah B. 2002. "Life during Wartime: Emotions and the Development of ACT UP." Mobilization 7:177-200.
  • Jasper, James M. 1998. "The Emotions of Protest: Affective and Reactive Emotions in and around Social Movements." Sociological Forum 13:397-424.

Narratives and Storytelling:

  • Polletta, Francesca. 2006. It Was Like a Fever: Storytelling in Protest and Politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Summary Statements

  • Morris, Aldon. 2000. "Reflections on Social Movement Theory: Criticisms and Proposals." Contemporary Sociology.
  • Klandermans, Bert, and Sidney Tarrow. 1988. "Mobilization into Movements: Synthesizing European and American Approaches" International Social Movements Research 1:1-38.

Contemporary Approaches and New Directions

Digital Activism:

  • Earl, Jennifer and Katrina Kimport. 2011. Digitally Enabled Social Change: Activism in the Internet Age. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


  • Armstrong, Elizabeth A. and Mary Bernstein. 2008. "Culture, Power, and Institutions: A Multi-Institutional Politics Approach to Social Movements." Sociological Theory 26:74-99.

Indigeneity and Resistance:

  • Alfred, Taiaiake and Corntassel, Jeff. 2005. "Being Indigenous: Resurgences Against Contemporary Colonialism." Government and Opposition 40(4):597-614.
  • Hall, Thomas D., James V. Fenelon, and Duane Champagne. 2009. Indigenous Peoples and Globalization: Resistance and Revitalization. Paradigm Publishers.

US – Canada Comparisons:

  • Smith, Miriam. 2008. Group Politics and Social Movements in Canada. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview Press.

Social Networks:

  • Gould, Roger V. 1993. "Collective Action and Network Structure." American Sociological Review 58(2):182-196.
  • Diani, Mario and Doug McAdam. 2003. Social Movements and Networks: Relational Approaches to Collective Action. New York: Oxford University Press.

Reading List for Sociological Theory 

Examination Committee Possibilities:  Abrutyn, Duina, Kemple, Mawani

The final list that students come up with should include 5-10 complete books.  Faculty can recommend particular editions or anthologies by request.

I. Classical theory (choose as least 1 from a-d, for a total of 10)

a) Marx (choose 1-3):

  • German Ideology (excerpts)
  • Capital, volume one (book or excerpts)
  • Communist Manifesto
  • Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts (book or excerpts)
  • Grundrisse (book or excerpts)

b) Weber (choose 1-3):

  • The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (book or excerpts)
  • The Meaning of 'Value-Freedom' in the Sociological and Economic Sciences
  • "The Objectivity" of Knowledge in Social Science and Social Policy
  • Economy and Society (book or excerpts on 'Class, Status, Party'; 'Bureaucracy'; and 'Types of Authority')

c) Durkheim (choose 1-3):

  • The Division of Labor in Society (book or excerpts)
  • Suicide (book or excerpts)
  • The Elementary Forms of Religions Life (book or excerpts)

d) Beyond the Canon (choose 1-3):

  • Mead:
    • Mind, Self, and Society (book or excerpts)
  • Simmel:
    • 'The Metropolis and Mental Life'
    • The Philosophy of Money (book or excerpts)
    • Sociology (book or excerpts on 'How is Society Possible?', 'The Stranger', and 'Sociability')
  • Du Bois:
    • Souls of Black Folk (book or excerpts)
  • Gilman:
    • The Man-Made World (book or excerpts)
    • Women and Economics (book or excerpts)

II. Contemporary Theory (Choose at least 1 from a-d, for a total of 10)

a) Structural Functionalism, Systems Theory, and Institutional Analysis (choose 1-3):

  • Parsons:
    • Structure of Social Action
    • The Social System (book or excerpts)
    • 'The Pattern Variables Revisited'
    • 'The Symbolic Media of Interchange'
  • Merton:
    • 'Social Structure and Anomie'
  • Luhmann:
    • Observations of Modernity
    • 'Second-Order Observation'
  • Wallerstein:
    • Introduction to World-Systems Analysis
  • 'The Modern World System'
    • Martin: Social Structures
    • Fligstein/McAdam: A Theory of Fields
    • Granovetter: 'The Strength of Weak Ties'
    • DiMaggio/Powell: 'The Iron Cage Revisited'

b) Symbolic Interactionism, Exchange Theory, and Phenomenology (choose 1-3)

  • Goffman:
    • Presentation of Self in Everyday Life (book or excerpt)
  • 'On Face-Work'
    • Coleman: Foundations of Social Theory (book or excerpt)
    • Collins: Interaction Ritual Chains (book or excerpt)
    • Joas: The Creativity of Action
  • Smith:
    • The Conceptual Practices of Power (book or selections)
    • Writing the Social (book or selections)
  • Schutz:
    • The Phenomenology of the Social World (book or excerpts)
  • 'On Multiple Realities'

c) Critical Theory, Post-structuralism, and Postmodernism (choose 1-3)

  • Habermas:
    • Theory of Communicative Action (two volumes or excerpts)
    • 'Civil Society, Public Opinion, and Communicative Power'
  • 'Technology and Science as Ideology'
    • Adorno: 'The Culture Industry Revisited'
    • Marcuse: One-Dimensional Man (book or excerpt)
    • Foucault: Discipline and Punish (book or excerpt)
    • Baudrillard: Simulacra and Simulations (book or excerpt)
    • Lyotard: The Post-Modern Condition (book or excerpt)

d) Contemporary Syntheses (choose 1-3)

  • Bourdieu:
    • Distinction
    • Practical Reason (book or selections)
    • The Logic of Practice
    • 'Social Space and the Genesis of Classes'
  • 'The Forms of Capital'
  • Giddens:
    • The Constitution of Society (book or excerpts)
    • The Consequences of Modernity (book or excerpts)
  • Archer:
    • Realist Social Theory

Reading List for Sociology of Work and Economy

Examination Committee Possibilities: Creese, Fuller, Hanser, Hirsh

I. Classic Perspectives

  • Marx, Karl and Friedrich Engels. 1848. The Communist Manifesto.
  • Weber, Max. 1968. Economy and Society. [Volume 1, Chapters 2-4]. Types of Occupation.
  • Durkheim, Emile. 1893. The Division of Labor in Society. [Book I, Chapters 1-3; Book II, Chapters 1-2]

II. Organization of Work/Labour Process

  • Industrial work
    • Braverman, Harry. 1998. Labor and Monopoly Capital the Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century. New York: Monthly Review Press.
    • Burawoy, Michael. 1979. Manufacturing Consent: Changes in the Labor Process Under Monopoly Capitalism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    • Davies, Scott. 1990. "Inserting Gender into Burawoy's Labour Process Theory." Work, Employment and Society 4(3):391-406.
    • Smith, Vicki. 1994. "Braverman’s Legacy." Work and Occupations 21(4):403-421.
    • Loscocco, Karyn A. 1989. “The Instrumentally Oriented Factory Worker: Myth or Reality?” Work and Occupations 16(1):3-25.
  • Service Work
    • Hochshild, Arlie R. 1983. The Managed Heart: Commercialization of Human Feeling. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
    • Leidner, Robin. 1993.  Fast Food, Fast Talk: Service Work and the Routinization of Everyday Life. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. (selections)
    • Sherman, Rachel. 2007. Class Acts: Service and Inequality in Luxury Hotels. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
    • Lively, Kathryn J. 2002. "Client Contact and Emotional Labor: Upsetting the Balance and Evening the Field." Work and Occupations 29(2):198-225.
  • Managerial/Professional Work
    • Jackall, Robert. 1989. Moral Mazes: The World of Corporate Managers. NY: Oxford University Press. (selections)
    • Kleinman, Daniel L. and Steven P. Vallas. 2001. "Science, Capitalism, and the Rise of the 'Knowledge Worker': The Changing Structure of Knowledge Production in the United States." Theory and Society 30(4):451-492.
    • Rivera, Lauren. 2012. “Hiring as Cultural Matching: The Case of Elite Professional Service Firms.” American Sociological Review 77(8):999-1022.
  • Nonstandard/Precarious Work
    • Kalleberg, Arne L. 2000. "Nonstandard Employment Relations: Part-Time, Temporary, and Contract Work." Annual Review of Sociology 26:341-365.
    • Smith, Vicki and Esther B. Neuwirth. 2008. The Good Temp. Ithaca, NY: ILR Press. (selections)
    • Vosko, Leah F. 2009. Managing the Margins: Gender, Citizenship, and the International Regulation of Precarious Employment. New York: Oxford University Press. (selections)

III. Gender, Race/Ethnicity, and Work

  • Milkman, Ruth. 1987. Gender at Work: The Dynamics of Job Segregation by Sex During World War II.  Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press. (selections)
  • Kanter, Rosabeth M.  1976. “The Impact of Hierarchical Structures on the Work Behavior of Women and Men.” Social Problems 23(4):415-30.
  • Williams, Christine. 1992. “The Glass Escalator: Hidden Advantages for Men in the ‘Female’ Professions.” Social Problems 39(3):253-267.
  • Blair-Loy, Mary. 2005. Competing Devotions: Career and Family Among Women Executives. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Correll, Shelley J., Stephen Benard and In Paik. 2007. “Getting a Job: Is There a Motherhood Penalty?” American Journal of Sociology 112(5):1297-1338.
  • McCall, Leslie. 2001. Complex Inequality: Gender, Class and Race in the New Economy. London: Routledge. (selections)
  • Bonacich, Edna. 1972.  “A Theory of Ethnic Antagonism: The Split Labor Market.” American Sociological Review 37(5):547-559.
  • Nakano Glenn, Evelyn. 1992. “From Servitude to Service Work: Historical Continuities in the Racial Division of Paid Reproductive Labor.” Signs 18(1):1-43.
  • Sharma, Nandita. 2001. "On Being Not Canadian: The Social Organization of 'Migrant Workers in Canada.'" The Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology 38(4):415-439.

IV.  Labour movements and Globalization

  • Silver, Beverly. 2003. Forces of Labor: Workers’ Movements and Globalization Since 1970. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Chun, Jennifer J.  2008. “The Limits of Labor Exclusion: Redefining the Politics of Split Labor Markets Under Globalization. Critical Sociology 34(3):433-452.
  • Aneesh, A. 2006. Virtual Migration: The Programming of Globalization. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. (selections)

V.  Student selections